A short overview for each day within the four weeks of excavation
First week on site
First Day- 23/04/19
The day was spent removing topsoil and turf via the use of mattocks in a trench which had never been previously excavated before. The finds from today included small sherds of pottery, small animal bones and pieces of clay pipes.
Second Day- 24/04/19
Continued removal of topsoil and turf in order to create the boundary of the trench. The finds from today were similar to that of the finds found in the topsoil from the day previous but also included several oyster shells.
Third Day- 25/04/19
The removal of topsoil was done more gently in order to get down onto the archaeology and therefore was removed via the use of trowels. We also found what looks like the start of a wall. The first metal find was also found today and was a metal nail.
Fourth Day- 26/04/19
The removal of the topsoil via the use of trowels was continued and this led to the discovery of what looked like a drainage system. The wall which was previously found was found not to be in alignment with the Roman Road which goes through the centre of the Roman Settlement.
Second week on site
Fifth Day- 29/04/19
The removal of topsoil continued and more of the wall was revealed to show a substantial wall which is thought to have been well built and designed to last a long period and may have been made for living purposes. Similar finds were found to what was found last week. An antiquarian trench was also located due to the colour change found when troweling.
Eighth Day- 02/05/19
A cobbled surface was revealed near the wall. The majority of the day was spent digging out the backfill which was placed into the antiquarian trench when the trench was filled in after it was finished with. A collapse section found in-between the wall and the antiquarian trench was planned and was started to be removed.
Ninth Day- 03/05/19
Today the cobbles were being cleaned in order to plan them. The collapse was being removed and revealed what was thought to be an upwards slope meaning that the feature underneath may be sloped. The wall which was found previously is now thought as a boundary wall for a structure which starts at the edge of our trench and continues into the field.
Third week on site
Tenth Day- 07/05/19
The antiquarian trench was finally fully cleaned out and photographs of the feature were taken and goes straight through the drainage system. The collapse is now thought to also contain a cut at its edge meaning that at some point the collapse was dug into. The cobbles near the boundary wall are now thought to go up to the wall and therefore are linked to the structure. Finds from today included the normal stuff and two coins which were found at the bottom of the antiquarian trench.
Eleventh Day- 09/05/19
Charcoal was found under the deposit of the collapse suggesting that something could have been burnt there. Cleaning was also done around the drainage system in order to plan the feature and then excavate.
Twelfth Day- 10/05/19
A nail was spotted in the corner of the antiquarian trench and was likely to have been placed into the wall by the antiquarians which made the trench in the 1800s-1900s. A equilateral triangular sherd of pottery was found along with an unusual sherd of what may be tile or pottery of a blueish colour being sandwiched in-between a red material on either side. It was also noticed today that there is a cut within the boundary wall which means that at some point someone dug into the boundary wall. The drain was finished being cleaned and ends at a ditch and therefore thought to have led into said ditch.
Fourth and final week on site
Thirteenth Day- 13/05/19
The cut into the boundary wall is now thought to be a robbers hole and either something was stolen from the boundary wall or the hole was used to store something. Postholes were also found on what is thought to be external cobbles and therefore means that a wooden structure was at some point placed on top of the cobbles. A sherd of samian ware was also found along with the regular finds. Samian ware is thought as a luxury ware as it is usually detailed and imported from outside of Britain. The drain was finally cleaned and therefore was planned and photographed.
Fourteenth Day- 14/05/19
A extremely small horseshoe was found within the structure linked with the boundary wall and may have been used for its superstitious value of keeping away evil as it was located near the wall. The capping stones on the drain were planned and removed. After their removal the drain fill underneath the capping stones was planned in order for the drain fill to be excavated and taken to be sampled. A total of five postholes were found on the cobbled surface and therefore show some sort of structure was there at some point.
Sixteenth Day- 16/05/19
The rest of the capping stones on the opposite of the drain which was separated by the antiquarian trench were planned in order to be excavated. Once the planning was complete only one of the capping stones was removed as time was running out and therefore excavation of the drain fill only occurred under the one capping stone and an area where the capping stone was missing. The horseshoe which was previously found was suggested to have been made in the structure and that the structure may very well have been a blacksmiths.
Final Day- 17/05/19
Due to the day being the last day of excavation the day was spent rushing to finish and make sure all the paperwork was complete for the trench and all of it was accurate. The entire trench was planned so that the next season of excavation can carry on from where we finished.